Tapani Köppä
Digitalisation has been regarded by politicians and economic leaders as a new superior opportunity to continue and accelerate economic growth. Growth in its recent capitalistic understanding cannot, however, solve the global crises, climate change, narrowing of biodiversity, accumulation of wealth in the hands of a minority or arms race and use of violence as conflict treatment. Economic growth is part of the problem, not its solution. Recognising the meaning of economic cooperation is needed to prevent the capitalist drive of competition leading to the destruction of societies and the market
Social Sciences, Law and Economics
Marios Joannou Elia
Das Konzept der Polymedialität entwickelte ich bereits 2003 während der Realisierung des Projekts »Strophes« – ein Werk, das ich speziell für die Dresdner Aufführung im Foyer der Gläsernen Manufaktur von Volkswagen komponierte. Hier setzte ich zum ersten Mal zusammen mit meiner Musik zusätzlich das Automobil als kreatives Instrument ein und auch zur ›Unterstützung‹ des Dirigenten: Mit dem Automobil wurden Signale gegeben (u. a. Hupe, Scheinwerfer), was das synchrone Spiel der Musiker ermöglichte. »Sound of Vladivostok« wurde in einer wesentlich größeren Dimension und...
Regina Radlbeck-Ossmann
Die Rede vom Abendland ist wieder en vogue. Sie begegnet heute bevorzugt im Umfeld politisch rechter Gruppierungen, die zeitgenössische Herausforderungen populistisch aufgreifen und mit Tabubrüchen von sich reden machen. Der Begriff „Abendland“ wird dabei gerade nicht mit supranational europäischen Positionen verbunden, sondern auf national deutsche Interessen enggeführt. Zusätzliche Verwirrung entsteht, wenn darüber hinaus das „christliche Abendland“ bemüht wird. Gruppierungen, die diese Begriffe im Munde führen, fallen nämlich vermehrt mit Aussagen auf, die vom christlichen Ethos ebenso...
World Religions
Björn Brücher, Ijaz S. Jamall
The vast majority of anticancer strategies are symptomatic but in order to achieve some tangible progress, we need to identify the cause(s) of the majority of cancers. There is a kind of zeitgeist that findings in genetics, namely somatic mutations, are reflexively viewed as being causative for carcinogenesis, although some 80% of all cancers are presently termed “sporadic” (i.e., with no proven cause). The observation that one inch of cancerous liver tissue can have more than 100 000 000 mutations and an identical mutation can result in different phenotypes, depending on the environment...
Björn Brücher, Ijaz S. Jamall
The role of ubiquitous proteins (UPs) and their corresponding enzymes have been underestimated in carcinogenesis as the focus of much research revolved around measuring mutations and/or other genetic epiphenomena as surrogate markers of cancer and cancer progression. Over the past three decades, the scientific community has come to realize that the concentration on microdissection of cancer cells without accounting for the neighborhood in which these cells reside, i.e., the stroma, fails to reflect the true nature of cancer biology. UPs are fundamental for cellular homeostasis and phylogenetic
Björn Brücher, Ijaz S. Jamall
A pathogenic (biological or chemical) stimulus is the earliest information received by a cell that can result in the disruption of homeostasis with consequent development of disease. Chronic inflammation involves many cell types with numerous cytokines and signaling pathways, the release of different components by the cells, and the crosstalk provoked by such stimuli involving subclinical chronic inflammation and is mechanistically manifold. Exosomes secrete chemicals that trigger the epithelium to produce exosome-like nanoparticles promoting chronic inflammation. Small molecules, together...
Björn Brücher, Daniela Deufert
The shortage of nursing staff in Germany compromises public healthcare in deference to profits explaining why this is on the daily political and media agenda. In Germany, over a 22 year period, significant savings were achieved by decreases in: (1) hospital beds by −29.3% saving 119 000 beds, (2) patient care and treatment days by −23% saving 43.1 million patient days, and (3) length of hospital stay in days by −39% saving 4.7 days. This occurred together with the parallel increase of treated patient cases by +26.5% with an additional burden of 4.1 million patients. Since 2010, as bi
Ioannis Liritzis, Elena Korka
The interdisciplinary field of archaeometry covers a wide range of subject categories and disciplines in relation to science and humanities. It is a well-established academic field of study and accredited part of higher education. Since its inception, the nomenclature designation of archaeometry signifies the appropriate methodology applied to archaeological materials and questions emerging from this field, regarding monuments, artifacts, and the reconstruction and management of landscape bearing cultural assets. The measurements of tangible culture denote significant information, such as...
Natural Sciences
Andreas N. Angelakis, Jens Krasilnikoff
Ancient Greek civilizations developed technological solutions to problems of access to and disposal of water but this prompted the need to take judicial action. This paper offers an overview of the judicial implications of Ancient civilizations developments or adaptations of technological applications aimed at exploiting natural resources. Thus, from the earliest times, Greek societies prepared legislation to solve disputes, define access to the water resources, and regulate waste- and storm-water disposal. On the one hand, evidence suggests that from the Archaic through the Hellenistic period
Technical and Environmental Sciences
Andreas N. Angelakis, Xiao Yun Zheng
The ancient civilizations of China and Greece, in the east and the west, have both subsequently deeply influenced other civilizations, regionally and across the world. Water management played a significant role in both civilizations and evidence demonstrates that many principles and technologies were generated by them, throughout both civilizations' long histories. As a result, they significantly influenced the ancient world broadly, some of which are still functioning up till this present time. This study comprises the following: methodology, hydrogeology, aqueducts and water impounds,...
Technical and Environmental Sciences
Andreas N. Angelakis, Takashi Asano, Akissa Bahri, Blanca E. Jimenez and George Tchobanoglous
From the beginning of the Bronze Age (ca. 3200–1100 BC), domestic wastewater (sewage) has been used for irrigation and aquaculture by a number of civilizations including those that developed in China and the Orient, Egypt, the Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, and Crete. In historic times (ca. 1000 BC−330 AD), wastewater was disposed of or used for irrigation and fertilization purposes by the Greek and later Roman civilizations, especially in areas surrounding important cities (e.g., Athens and Rome). In more recent times, the practice of land application of wastewater for disposal and agricultural..
Technical and Environmental Sciences
Ioannis Liritzis
A new transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary field that emerges in pedagogics is commented. Arts coupled with Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) is the STEM with Arts (STEAM). It introduces students and educators to an holistic approach in classroom. STEAM removes limitations and replaces them with wonder, critique, inquiry, and innovation. This editorial commentary introduces to Scientific Culture readers to the current status and potential of this field and initiates a further step to encompass Culture, as well. This is the STEMAC (Science, Technology, Engineering,...
Natural Sciences
Andreas N. Angelakis, Nicolas R. Dalezios, Seyed Saeid Eslamian
Water scarcity and water availability puts significant constraints in the social and economic development of many regions and countries around the world, especially the arid and semi-arid regions, as well as deteriorates the quality of life. The current problem of water scarcity consists of the adverse result of ineffective water resource management and policies, as well as the availability of water in these regions. This paper presents a methodological overview of a sustainable water resource management framework through technical and scientific analyses of water scarcity management in...
Technical and Environmental Sciences
Andreas N. Angelakis
Significant characteristics of the Minoan civilization were: (a) their peaceful living with their environment and neighbors (although the Minoans dominated in the Mediterranean for almost two millennia, in none of the numerous wars and/or conflicts that occurred in the region were they directly or indirectly involved) and (b) technological developments that are unprecedented in world history, as shown by the numerous paradigms on water resources technologies used and water, wastewater, and stormwater management. These paradigms are relevant to water supply, fountains, cisterns used to store...
Technical and Environmental Sciences
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